Laparoscopy is a minimally invasive procedure with a small camera that enables the surgeon or fertility expert to view the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries with ease. Moreover, the fertility expert can not only identify the cause of the infertility but also rectify it at the same time.
Blocked fallopian tubes can sometimes be cleared, fibroids in the uterus can be removed from the uterine walls, endometriosis can be treated and uterine septum can be cleaned using endoscopic surgeries.
In order to perform endoscopic surgery, the fertility expert or gynecologist will ensure that the procedure is performed under general anesthesia. This means that the patient will be asleep during the surgery. As such patients preparing for endoscopic surgery must have followed appropriate pre-surgery instructions regarding fasting and clearing of bowels the day prior to surgery.
Advantages of Laparoscopic Surgery
When a woman is unable to conceive, she is often advised to undergo laparoscopic surgery for investigation and correction. This type of surgery has multiple advantages over more traditional surgery. In a laparoscopic surgery the incisions are small and require no stitches. The surgeon will make 2 to 4 incisions of between 5 to 10 mm length each. This means that the healing process is quicker and the patient can go home the same day. There is less scarring after a laparoscopic surgery and there is lower risk of adhesion formation. Moreover, this type of surgery helps in a more accurate diagnosis of the cause of infertility.
When a couple is unable to conceive a child, the internal pelvic organs of the woman has to be examined. This is because one of the most common causes of infertility is blocked fallopian tubes. Fibroids in the uterus as well as endometriosis can also lead to infertility. The most effective way of diagnosing and treating any of these conditions is by using endoscopic surgery. Laparoscopy allows the surgeon to use contrast dye or medium to assess the fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs with ease. The surgeon can also use the same procedure to spot early endometriosis and inflammatory changes.
In women suffering from endometriosis, the uterine lining spreads to other parts of the abdominal cavity. When this happens it can cover the ovaries and the fallopian tubes and prevent conception. This can also lead to the formation of adenomyosis in the uterus leading to infertility as the embryo is unable to adhere to the wall of the uterus. In such cases, the most effective way of treating the condition is laparoscopy where the lesion is removed and the endometriosis is removed from the wall of the uterus and chocolate cysts in the ovaries are removed thereby enhancing fertility post surgery.
Myomas are fibroids in the uterus. While most of these are benign tumors they can reduce the fertility of the patient by preventing the adhesion of the embryo to the uterus wall. In such cases, an endoscopic surgery is needed to remove the myomas from the uterus and prepare it for receiving the embryo.
Many women are infertile because of problems in their internal organs of reproduction. An endoscopic surgery is the best way to determine the exact cause of the infertility and treat the condition so that the chances of conceiving a baby and carrying it to term increase. These surgeries have to be performed by an experienced gynecologist to ensure that there is no damage to the reproductive organs.
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