Introduction:Adenomyosis refers to a disorder in which endometrial glands and stroma are present within the uterine musculature (uterine adenomyomatosis). The ectopic endometrial tissue appears to induce hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the surrounding myometrium, which results in a diffusely enlarged uterus (often termed "globular" enlargement). However, some women have only small areas of diffuse disease that are only apparent by microscopy, whereas others develop nodules (termed adenomyomas), which clinically resemble leiomyomas. Until recently, adenomyosis was only diagnosed at the time of hysterectomy. Most studies suggest that women undergoing hysterectomy for adenomyosis are in the later part of their reproductive years. However, this results in a lack of information about early stages of disease. Studies that use pelvic imaging, rather than hysterectomy, for diagnosis suggest that adenomyosis can be found in adolescents. Case summary: 18 year old unmarried girl with severe dysmenorrhea for 2 years, not responding to medical line of management was diagnosed to have a 4x5 cm adenomyoma in the posterior wall of uterus. She was posted for laparoscopic removal of adenomyoma under general anesthesia. Maximum adenomyotic tissue was removed to prevent recurrence of the mass, with minimal damage to normal uterine tissue. She received GnRH injection (Leuprolide) post-operatively to further suppress any residual adenomyotic tissue. Pre-operative concerns:- • Port entry done after creating pneumoperitoneum with Veress needle, as patient very lean. • Preservation of normal uterine tissue, as adenomyoma does not have a capsule and thus not well defined as a myoma. • Avoiding uterine manipulation to preserve virginity
Extensive bowel adhesions to posterior uterine wall released
Excision of adenomyoma in progress
Morcellation of specimen
Adhesion barrier placed to prevent future bowel adhesions. End result: clean cavity.
Horizontal incision taken over adenomyoma; chocolate fluid drained.
Suturing done vertically
Thorough irrigation and lavage given
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