Egg Donation And Its Process

Egg Donation And Its Process

Third party Reproduction 0

Egg donation is referred to as the process by which a woman donates her eggs for purposes of biomedical research or assisted reproduction. Several eggs begin to mature during the menstrual cycle of a woman, but only one matures fully. It is this one mature egg that is usually donated. However, science has progressed to a level where the chances of a successful egg donation are higher when clinics administer drugs to women who are donating their eggs so that they produce more number of mature eggs.

Monitoring of Egg Development

The development of eggs in a woman’s body is usually monitored by the process of ultrasound scanning, while the hormone levels in her blood are also measured simultaneously. The ovaries which contain the eggs are then displayed on a television screen.

Collection of Eggs

There are two main procedures for egg collection:

  • A laparoscopy, which is a medical procedure that involves a small cut being made under general anesthesia just under the navel so that a laparoscope, which is an instrument by which doctors can see into the abdomen, can be inserted and a hollow, thin needle can also be inserted separately in order to retrieve the eggs.
  • A thin, hollow needle that is guided by ultrasound under general anesthesia or conscious sedation, through either the urethra, bladder or the vagina, and the eggs are subsequently removed. If the woman’s ovaries are located in an abnormal position, it might entail a needle being passed through the abdominal wall under ultrasound guidance.

Kinds of Medication Administered

Usually, drugs that contain hormones are usually administered to a patient donating her eggs. These may be of three types:

  • An injection or nasal spray which is administered daily throughout the 28 day cycle of the woman so as to suppress her normal menstrual cycle.
  • The daily administration of tablets and injections known as super-ovulatory drugs, which stimulate the growth and maturation of the eggs. These drugs contain the hormone which causes egg production naturally in the ovaries.
  • A final hormone injection is administered 34-38 hours before egg collection, once the hormone measurement or ultrasound scanning displays that there are an appropriate amount of eggs maturing. This completes the maturing process.

Most the drugs mentioned may be administered orally, but most have to be injected. Women who are undergoing this treatment may be taught to perform this themselves at home.

Side-Effects and Risks of Egg Donation

Some women report experiencing mild side-effects when they take the first drug such as irritability, hot flushes, feelings of depression, sleeplessness, and headaches. These side-effects are not really cause for concern and usually, these side-effects disappear once the woman begins to take the second drug. Women who are undergoing ultrasound-directed egg recovery may experience some spotting in their vagina or in their urine for a day or so after the procedure, which is quite common. Women undergoing laparoscopy report experiencing soreness in their shoulders, chest, or stomach or even some vaginal bleeding after the operation.

What to Expect After the Procedure

An ultrasound scan is conducted before the final hormone injection is administered to identify how many eggs are being developed on the ovaries. A woman might experience abdominal pain and bloating. To avoid Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome, which is a more serious side-effect, the medical practitioners may have to cancel the final hormone injection and egg collection.

Women may experience some abdominal pain after the laparoscopy, akin to a painful period, which disappeared in a little while. The removal of eggs under ultrasound may be painful for some and many doctors administer painkillers before the procedure

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