Having a child is one of the greatest gifts any couple can get. While some couples have no trouble at all conceiving naturally, others may experience some roadblocks on the road to parenthood. But the field of modern medicine has progressed to a level where these childless couples have a few options to explore. There are a variety of causes related to infertility that affect both men and women. Infertile women may have issues with ovulation, endometriosis, blocked or damaged fallopian tubes, improper hormone production, advanced age, uterine fibroids, or more. When it comes to men, the performance and production of sperm is usually the cause of infertility.
Whatever be the cause, a visit to one of the best infertility clinics in Pune will tell you have plenty of option. Here are a few if you and your spouse are having trouble conceiving naturally.Fertility Drugs
If infertility is being caused by an ovulation disorder, the best infertility consultants in India will suggest that you start taking fertility drugs. Most fertility drugs available are directed at regulating or stimulating hormone production and ovulation.
Some trigger the ovaries to release an egg, while others act on the pituitary gland, which produces hormones. Yet others are responsible for speeding ovaries up if they are producing eggs late or slowing them down if they aren’t able to release eggs at the right time. There are some fertility drugs which are also known to prevent the possibility of miscarriages. Your doctor may recommend that you use some fertility drugs on their own and some along with others to maximise the success rate of conception. These drugs are vaginal, oral or injectable in nature.Assisted Reproductive Techniques
Assisted reproductive techniques or ART are commonly suggested to those couples for who nothing else seems to be working. One of the most common forms of assisted reproductive techniques is in vitro fertilization. The process of in vitro fertilization involves eggs that are collected from the ovaries of a woman being fertilized in a laboratory with sperm from her partner. This procedure is carried out after a course of ovarian stimulation. Once the eggs have been fertilized, the resulting embryo is then transferred back into the woman’s uterus.
Other fertility treatments that come under assisted reproductive techniques include, but are not limited to:
A more sophisticated form of IVF, this treatment involves a single sperm being injected by into an egg in order to aid fertilization. Specialists opt for this procedure mainly in case the sperm is of poor quality.
In Artificial Insemination, a prepared sperm is artificially inserted into the uterus of a female at the time of ovulation.Surrogacy
Surrogacy is yet another option for couples who have come upon roadblocks at all other junctures. It refers to an instance when another woman carries the embryo of a couple in her womb and gives birth to the baby. Many couples who are unable to conceive naturally or carry a baby to term opt for surrogacy. In this procedure, an egg and a sperm are produced by the parents or the donor to create an embryo. This embryo is then transferred into the uterus of the surrogate where she will carry the baby to term. Here, the surrogate has no genetic claim or link over the fetus.
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