Fibroids are roundish tumours which are usually benign and grow in the muscle of a woman’s uterus. Uterine fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomata, are a common cause of abnormal bleeding in the uterus. Much research on the subject has finally concluded that there is a link between uterine fibroids and infertility in women.
Causes of Uterine Fibroids
The causes of uterine fibroids are a grey area in the field of medicine, but there are many factors that have been found to be responsible. Age for instance, is a major contributing factor. It has been found that around 20 to 40 percent of women over the age of 35 are affected by uterine fibroids. While women in their 20s are less likely to develop uterine fibroids, it is still a possibility.
Family history also plays a role in developing uterine fibroids. An increase in estrogen levels in the body seem to be linked to fibroids. This occurs during early pregnancy as well as in women who take oral contraception. Once a woman’s estrogen levels start decline, often when she enters menopause, the fibroids start to shrink.
Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids
Rarely are uterine fibroids cancerous in nature. But even benign tumour may cause several problems. It has been found that only 10 to 20 percent of women exhibit symptoms of uterine fibroids. These symptoms include painful periods, clots, heavy bleeding, painful intercourse, bleeding between periods, lower back pain and pressure in the lower abdomen.
If you suspect that you may be suffering from uterine fibroids and are trying to get pregnant, you should visit the best IVF clinic in India right away.
Uterine Fibroids and Fertility
Many studies have shown that there is an association between uterine fibroids and infertility, but what exactly that association is, is still unclear. There are a few theories regarding the same, including some that indicate that submucosal fibroids, which grow inside the uterus, may cause the uterus to get twisted or misshapen, and result in complications in pregnancy and conception. There are other theories that point to the location of the fibroids playing a role in early miscarriage, as well as irritable uterus caused by blood flow being obstructed to the placenta by a fibroid growing within the uterine wall or in the uterus.
Treatment of Fibroids
The treatment option of uterine fibroids is subjective and depends on several factors such as the size of the tumours, severity of the symptoms, the age of the patient, and more importantly, if the patient wishes to have children in the future or not. Some women choose over-the-counter medication to counteract the symptoms, while others opt for hormone therapy to stop fibroid growth. Check with a top infertility consultant about the best course of action for your particular case.
For women who wish to conceive in the future, treating fibroids follows a different path. These treatment methods are directed at preserving the uterus for possible future pregnancies and are minimally invasive. There is a minimally invasive surgical procedure called myomectomy, which removed fibroids in those women who wish to get pregnant in the future.
Research shows that myomectomy procedures have a high success rate, and over 40 to 60 percent of women who have removed their fibroids through a myomectomy have become pregnant after their treatment. However it is important to remember that fibroids removed through myomectomy may reappear after time. An expert will be able to suggest the best course of action for you.
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