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Genital Tuberculosis



Genital Tuberculosis

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Dr. Sunita Tandulwadkar, who heads the popular Ruby Hall Clinic in Pune is a world-renowned fertility expert. She has helped hundreds of couples realize their dream of having children and avoid sexual health complications. It is quite alarming to know that about 40% of the Indian population is affected by tuberculosis and about 9% of these cases are people suffering from genital tuberculosis. Apart from causing infertility, this disease can be fatal, if the patient is not given the right treatment on time. Therefore, a checkup at Ruby Hall Clinic would be a wise option if you were suffering from any of its symptoms.

What is Genital Tuberculosis?

The tuberculosis bacteria usually affects the lungs of a person but it can also affect any other organ in the body. In certain people, the bacteria can circulate within the blood which can cause secondary infection in brain, spine, kidneys, pelvic area, or the genital tract. When the TB bacteria infects the genital tract, it is called pelvic TB or genital tuberculosis. Infection of the genital tract by the TB bacteria can happen in both men and women. However, genital tuberculosis is one of the major causes of female infertility in most developing countries.

How is One Infected with Genital TB?

TB spreads by coming in contact with a person who is already infected with the bacteria. Hence, if you have low immunity, you are most likely to get TB when you have close contact with an infected person. However, brief contact is not likely to cause TB such as when you come in contact with an infected person while traveling on a train or bus, while you are in a closed room, shaking hands, or sharing food. TB mainly spreads when the infected person sneezes or coughs and the other person happen to breathe in the bacteria. The TB bacteria will infect the lungs and multiply and then reach the genital tract through the blood. A person can also contact genital TB by having intercourse with an infected person.

Genital Tuberculosis Symptoms

Genital tuberculosis is quite dangerous because the person might not display any apparent symptom and the TB bacteria might lie latent in the body for as long as two decades. However, to get an early diagnosis, women should watch out for these symptoms -

  • Pain in the pelvic area
  • Irregular periods with heavy bleeding or less or no bleeding.
  • Bloody or discolored vaginal discharge which could be heavy and persistent
  • Inability to conceive

If you are suffering from any of these symptoms, the doctor will confirm genital TB by doing certain blood tests, endometrial biopsy.

Infertility and Genital Tuberculosis

Women suffering from genital tuberculosis will have infection in their fallopian tubes which will result in blocked tubes which cannot be reversed. It affects uterus and ovaries too which may not heal, if the TB is not diagnosed and treated in time. When the woman is diagnosed with TB at an early stage and given the right treatment, the damage caused to the fallopian tubes or the uterus by the disease has a better chance of healing. However, when it is not treated for a long time, it results in uterine adhesion formation affecting uterine lining and the woman becomes infertile.

Early diagnosis and right treatment of genital tuberculosis can prevent infertility in women. If you are suffering from any of the symptoms, consult Dr. Sunita Tandulwadkar immediately. Ruby Hall Clinic is fully equipped with the latest diagnostic equipment to carry out tests for diagnosing this disease.

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