Infertility is a rampant condition all over the world. While many couples in the country are fortunate enough to conceive naturally, there are others who require help. These couples need to seek the assistance of the best IVF consultants in India. While undergoing infertility treatment, couples are bound to come across a lot of terminology that they might be unaware of. Every such couple should be fairly well-versed in the vocabulary of conception. Here are 5 of the most common infertility terminologies one should be aware of if they are having trouble conceiving naturally.
Assisted Reproduction Technology
Assisted Reproduction Technology or ART is one of the most common infertility treatments for those cases where there is a mechanical problem with the male or female reproductive system or if conception has been difficult for no clear reason. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a widely used ART technique. In IVF, an egg is removed from the ovaries of a woman, is fertilized in a laboratory of a best infertility clinic in Pune, and is then returned to her uterus where the egg will develop into a fetus if all goes well. This treatment is especially useful if a woman’s eggs are prevented from reaching her uterus for fertilization due to blocked fallopian tubes.
There are also several ART treatments that have been known to benefit infertile men as well, such as surgical sperm aspiration, which treats men with blocked ejaculatory ducts.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) differs in ART techniques in that it is mainly used on those women who have fully functioning fallopian tubes. ART techniques on the other hand, are used on women who are known to have blockages in their fallopian tubes. Intrauterine insemination is used to understand if the eggs are capable of reaching the woman’s uterus or not. A tubal patency test is performed by medical experts to assess the fallopian tubes. Some methods through which this takes place are laparoscopy, hysterosalpingography or through gas insufflation.
Doctors then perform an intrauterine insemination once they have assessed that a woman’s fallopian tubes are working optimally. During this procedure, a man’s sperm is also washed in a lab so as to separate the slow moving sperm from the fast-moving ones. A catheter is then used to inject the sperm into the uterus close to the time of ovulation.
Hysterosalpingography refers to a procedure wherein doctors are able to get a clearer view of a woman's reproductive system by injecting a liquid contrast material through a catheter into the uterus. This contrast material lights up when beamed with X-rays, allowing experts to check the fallopian tubes for closures or blockages or search for any uterine abnormalities like fibroids. This minimally invasive procedure is a great way to conduct a diagnosis of potential infertility issues.
Premature Ovarian Failure
Normally, women over 40 have low fertility rates. If a woman younger than 40 is experiencing fertility issues it may point to a condition medically known as premature ovarian failure (POF). These women are said to have ovaries that are incapable of producing eggs and functioning normally. The exact medical cause for the condition is unknown, but it is believed to be caused either by follicle depletion or follicle dysfunction.
Hypogonadism is a condition that is said to impair male fertility. In this condition, a man’s body doesn’t produce the adequate amount of testosterone. Hypogonadism may be primary or secondary and may occur during any time of a man’s life. Symptoms of this condition are decreased hair growth, erectile dysfunction, decreased muscle mass, increase in breast tissue, infertility and osteoporosis.
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